This article was originally published in A Short History of the Drama. Martha Fletcher Bellinger. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1927. p. 94.

ALL games, sports, plays and spectacles were under the general supervision of an official called ædile, but the production itself was a private affair. In some cases it was purely a business enterprise; at other times it was of the nature of a festival given by a prominent person in order to gain favor with the popular political party. In the latter case, the giver, after gaining permission from the ædile, placed the management of his entertainment in the hands of an agent who got as much money as he was able, both from his client and the public. The permission from the city did not mean either official or monetary support from the state.

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